# Planck-taper window

The Planck-taper window coefficients are given by the following formula

$$a(k)=\begin{cases} 0, \,\,\, k=0 \\ \frac{1}{e^{z_a(k)}+1}, \,\,\, 0 \lt k \lt \epsilon (N-1) \\ 1, \,\,\, \epsilon (N-1) \le k \le (1-\epsilon)(N-1) \\ \frac{1}{e^{z_b(k)}+1}, \,\,\, (1-\epsilon)(N-1) \lt k \lt N-1 \\ 0, \,\,\, k = N-1\end{cases}$$ $$z_a(k)=\epsilon (N-1)(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{k-\epsilon (N-1)})$$ $$z_b(k)=\epsilon (N-1)(\frac{1}{N-1-k}+\frac{1}{(1-\epsilon) (N-1)-k})$$ $$0 \lt \epsilon \le 0.5$$

where N is the length of the filter and k = 0, 1, …, N – 1. ε controls the size of the top portion of the window (see below), where the window is equal to 1.

Consider a finite impulse response (FIR) low pass filter of length N = 201. The following is the Planck-taper window with ε = 0.4 .

Given a sampling frequency of 2000 Hz and a filter cutoff frequency of 40 Hz, the impulse response of the filter with a rectangular window (with no window) and with the Planck-taper window is as follows.

The magnitude response of the same filter is shown on the graph below.

With larger ε, the top of the window becomes narrower and the transition band of the filter becomes wider, with better stop band attenuation. The following is the Planck-taper window with three different values of ε.

The following are the corresponding magnitude responses for the same filter used above.

## Measures for the Planck-taper window

The following is a comparison of the discrete Fourier transform of the Planck-taper window (ε = 0.4) and the rectangular window.

The Planck-taper window measures are as follows.

 ε 0.2 0.4 0.5 Coherent gain 0.80 0.60 0.50 Equivalent noise bandwidth 1.19 1.46 1.63 Processing gain -0.77 dB -1.64 dB -2.11 dB Scalloping loss -2.46 dB -1.51 dB -1.20 dB Worst case processing loss -3.22 dB -3.15 dB -3.31 dB Highest sidelobe level -13.9 dB -17.5 dB -23.2 dB Sidelobe falloff -27.4 dB / octave, -90.9 dB / decade -30.9 dB / octave, -102.6 dB / decade -30.8 dB / octave, -102.3 dB / decade Main lobe is -3 dB 1.10 bins 1.40 bins 1.56 bins Main lobe is -6 dB 1.50 bins 1.92 bins 2.16 bins Overlap correlation at 50% overlap 0.392 0.202 0.115 Amplitude flatness at 50% overlap 0.500 0.672 1.000 Overlap correlation at 75% overlap 0.721 0.666 0.614 Amplitude flatness at 75% overlap 0.860 0.923 1.000

Window

## Add new comment

### Filtered HTML

• Freelinking helps you easily create HTML links. Links take the form of [[indicator:target|Title]]. By default (no indicator): Click to view a local node.
• Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
• Lines and paragraphs break automatically.

### Plain text

• No HTML tags allowed.
• Web page addresses and e-mail addresses turn into links automatically.
• Lines and paragraphs break automatically.